نگارش - نمونه سوال و پاسخ پیشنهادی دو نمودار

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پس از تسلط بر نکات مهم نگارش آکادمیک - بخش اول ، لازم است چند نمونه ی استاندارد بخوانید و فرا بگیرید...

Sample 1 task 1 :

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows information about average house prices in five different cities between 1990 and 2002 compared with average house prices in 1989.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

 

Sample answer:

The bar graph illustrates the figures of average house prices in the five different cities during the period from 1990 to 2002, in comparison with the data in 1989. Overall, there was an upward trend in the percentage of change of house prices during the period shown in almost all of the cities except for Frankfurt.

As can be clearly seen, there was a considerable fall by approximately 5% in the proportion change of estate prices in New York between 1990 and 1995. Likewise, Tokyo and London, which had the same figures, witnessed a dramatic decrease by about 7% over the same period. However, the figures for Madrid and Frankfurt were around 2% and 3%, respectively.

During the period from 1996 to 2002, the figure for London was the highest with more than 10% in the percentage of change of house prices. During the same period, the rates at which the house prices increased were about 5% in New York and 4% in Madrid. This rate in Frankfurt was 2%, lower than that of the first 5-year period. Finally, the percentage change in Tokyo fell by around 5% between 1996 and 2002.

 


Sample 2 task 1 :

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows trends in consumption of fast foods. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

 

The graph shows the changes in the demand for hamburgers, fish and chips and pizza from 1970 to 1990.It is immediately apparent that in 1970 the most popular food was pizza. The demand for pizza started from 300 grams followed by a spectacular fall of 200 grams in 1985.

The striking feature of the graph is the demand for fish and chips. In 1970, fish and chips were the second favourite food among people, and from 1980 on the total demand surged to a high of 500 grams from 99 in 1970.

Furthermore, hamburgers were the least popular food in 1970 with the total demand of 15 grams, which increased gradually till 1985. The total demand for hamburgers skyrocketed to 299 grams in 1990.

In conclusion, there was a substantial increase in the demand for hamburgers and sea food, whereas there was a significant fall in the popularity of pizza.